Thursday, April 16, 2015

Siddhas and foundation of Jainism


It is well versed fact that when siddha is mentioned the 84 siddhas and 9 nathas are remembered and it is this tradition of siddha which is known as the Siddha Sampradaya. Siddha is a term used for both mahasiddhas and nathas. So a siddha may mean a siddha, a mahasiddha or a natha. The three words siddha, mahasiddha and natha are used interchangeably. Siddhas may broadly refer to Siddhas, Naths, Ascetic, Sadhu, or Yogis and vice versa because they all practice the Sādhanā concept. In Jainism the didhas are regarded as the one with paranormal capabilities and who has attained liberation fron the sansara
Rishabha, also known as Adinatha, is the traditional founder of Jainism. He was the first of the twenty-four tirthankar or "ford-makers", teachers who established the Jain teachings. In Jainism, a Tīrthaṅkara is a person who has conquered samsara, the cycle of death and rebirth, and can provide a bridge for Jains to follow them from samsara tomoksha (liberation)
According to legends, he started the Ikshvaku dynasty of ancient Ayodhya. As Ikshvaku was another name of Tirthankara Rishabha. His son is the first chakravartin Bharata. Ri

shabha is also known as Rikhava and is sometimes called Rishabha of Kosala.There is mention of Rishabha in Hindu scriptures, including the Purana. The Bhagavata Purana states that The eighth incarnation was King Rishabha, son of King Nabhi and his wife Merudevi. In this incarnation the Lord showed the path of perfection, which is followed by those who have fully controlled their senses and who are honored by all orders of life.—Srimad Bhagavatam
Rishabha also finds mention in Buddhist literature. It speaks of several jaina tirthankara which includes Rishabha along with Padmaprabha, Chandraprabha, Pushpadanta, Vimalnatha, Dharmanatha and Neminatha. A Buddhist scripture named Dharmottarapradipa mentions Rishabha as an Apta (Tirthankara).
The Ādi purāṇa a 10th-century Kannada language text by the poet Adikavi Pampa (fl. 941 CE), written in Champu style, a mix of prose and verse and spread over sixteen cantos, deals with the ten lives of Rishabha and his two sons The life of Rishabha is also given in Mahapurana of JinasenaRishabha is usually depicted in lotus position  or kayotsarga, a standing posture of meditation. The distinguishing mark of Rishabha is his long locks of hair which fall on his shoulders and an image of a bull in his sculptures